本網站為【成考幫】旗下網站,主要為廣大考生提供報考指導服務,網站信息僅供學習交流使用,非政府官方網站,官方信息以福建教育考試院www.eeafj.cn為準。

            全國|北京|上海|天津|重慶|河北|河南|山西|山東|江蘇|浙江|湖北|湖南|陜西|安徽|福建|江西|廣東|廣西|四川|云南|海南|遼寧|吉林|黑龍江|貴州|甘肅|青海|內蒙古|寧夏|新疆|西藏

            2019年福建成人高考生態學基礎必背知識點詳解

            福建成人高考信息網www.laiwobuy.com 發布時間: 2019年07月30日

                   成人高考是全國統考,一年只有一次考試機會,而成考的報讀對象大多都是離開學校在社會上工作的在職人員,平時還要上班,還要抽時間來復習,這就需要考生有計劃的進行重點復習,提高復習效率。本文總結了2019年福建成人高考生態學基礎必背知識點,需要考生熟記。


            2019年福建成人高考生態學基礎必背知識點


                  2019年福建成人高考生態學基礎必背知識點詳解


              全球主要生態問題及對策。


              全球主要生態問題包括環境問題、資源問題和人口問題。紛繁復雜的環境問題,大致可以分為兩類,一類是因為工業生產、交通運輸和生活排放的有毒有害物質而引起的環境污染,如農藥、化肥、重金屬、二氧化硫等造成的污染;另一類是由于對自然資源的不合理開發利用而引起的生態環境的破壞,如水土流失、沙塵暴、沙漠化、地面沉降等。資源問題是指自然資源由于環境污染和生態環境破壞以及人類過度開發利用導致的自然資源枯竭,包括礦產資源、淡水資源、生物資源和土地資源。人口問題包括人口數量問題和人口老齡化問題。人口的快速增長,加快了自然資源的消耗,加大了對自然環境的壓力,世界所面臨的資源、環境、農業等一系列重大問題,都與人口的快速增長有關;人口老齡化將對社會經濟帶來沉重負擔,延緩經濟增長速度,因老年人的特殊需要,國家必須加大社會福利、救濟保障、醫療服務等方面的投入,以保護老年人的利益。


              解決全球生態問題的對策是:控制人口數量,提高人口質量,減輕對環境和資源的壓力;提高全人類保護環境和資源的意識,減輕對環境和資源的破壞與利用程度,實現持續發展;加強法制建設,用法律手段保護環境和資源;發展科學技術,用科技力量解決全球生態問題。


                  單元頂極、多元頂極和頂極格局三種理論


              (1)單元頂極


              ①代表人物:Clements


              ②主要觀點:在同一氣候區域內,無論演替初期條件如何,經演替最終都停止在一個最適應大氣候的群落上,只要氣候不變,人為或其他因素不干擾,此群落一致存在,一個氣候區只有一個氣候頂極群落,區域內其他生境給以充分的時間,最終都會演替到氣候頂極。


              (2)多元頂極


              ①代表人物:Tansley


              ②主要觀點:一個氣候區內除有氣候頂極外,還有土壤頂極,定型頂極等多個頂極。


              (3)頂極-格局


              ①代表人物:Whittaker


              ②主要觀點:贊成多頂極論,但認為各種頂極不呈離散狀態而呈連續變化,形成一個以氣候頂極為中心的頂極群落連續變化格局。


              (4)共性和區別


              ①共性:A.都承認頂極群落是經過單向變化而達到穩定狀態的群落。B.都承認頂極群落在時間上的變化和空間上的分布都是和時間相適應的。


              ②區別:A.單元論認為,只有氣候頂極是演替的決定因素,多元論認為,除氣候頂極外,其他因素也可以成為演替決定因素。B.單元論認為,一個氣候區最終只形成一個氣候頂極,多元論認為,除氣候頂極外,還有土壤、地形等頂極


                   對于學習基礎知識薄弱、離開校園多年的在職人員,還是建議大家盡早了解2019年福建成人高考考試內容,做好考前的復習準備。為了保證廣大考生的通過率,福建成人高考信息網的老師不僅會為大家選購教材,還會提供考前輔導。同時對于整個成考過程中大家在報名、確認、考試、錄取等重要環節中可能遇到的問題都會提供專業的解答,如果你想要報名參加2019年福建成人高考請盡快與老師取得聯系!


            福建省成人高考預報名入口(點擊報名)


            彩票33彩票33官网彩票33平台彩票33app彩票33邀请码彩票33娱乐彩票33快3彩票33时时彩彩票33走势图彩票33ios www.355284.com | 6594mm.com | www.327969.com | 4774s.com | www.93yh.cc | www.981jc.com | 67890j.com | www.80188p.com | 5647q.com | www.306444a.com | www.878455.com | by309.com | www.80030066.com | 9679p.com | www.38138a.com | 3121qq.com | www.xpj4464.com | www.923633.com | 8xh.vip | www.hr1811.com | 9086.com | www.526688.com | js648888.com | www.hg1322.com | www.611874.com | 535.cc | www.08588l.com | ab6322.com | www.amjs339.com | 8547cc.com | www.751pk10.com | P35p.com | www.6008876.com | www.196148.com | www.692tyc.com | www.675266.com | hjdc2016.com | www.055v.cc | wefa6.com | www.26163s.com | 229649.com | www.2373l.com | 155.net | www.2408c.cc | www.wn2088.com | www.chi59.com | www.hg44768.com | www.wcp8008.com | www.da888yl.com | www.009hy.cc | www.892558.com | www.791317.com | www.65476600.com | www.293788.com | www.8814e4.com | www.382780.com | www.4446358.com | www.351731.com | www.4270ll.com | 4195y.com | www.yhxizang.vip | fstppx.com | www.jinsha8.net | 8888jdb.com | www.69jsjs.com | 67890y.com | www.64566g.com | vip9923.com | www.7886278.com | 55545k.com | www.0088wd.com | 3121.com | www.202423.com | www.k444.net | 61772222.com | www.84499j.com | 76543i.com | www.66ffs.com | www.am88800.com | www.266991.com | www.00355c.com | 20177772.com | www.35700d.com | 4136s.com | www.15355l.com | www.8520n.com | www.355241.com | www.5588212.com | 55797y.com | www.511106.com | 1806766.com | www.2934y.com | www.a4737.com | www.34788a.com | www.67333.com | 3957d.com | www.730555h.com | 883399c.com | www.795917.com | www.hy2266.com | 3552i.com | www.688544.com | 4022oo.com | www.ck7786.com | www.70088444.com | 66300vip38.com | www.xpj8869.com | jinguan3355.com | www.820737.com | www.59909.com | 6423n.com | www.4923l.com | 63305y.com | www.022197.com | www.60468277.com | 26789.com | www.745955.com | www.76568.com | ambjl.cc | www.65719.cc | www.wns02222.com | 6611412.com | www.86267n.com | 566777m.com | www.5981i.com | mt0088.com | www.330099o.com | 55zz8331.com | www.55238h.com | www.a3a000.net | 9949.com | www.7681003.com | www.vns0809.com | 5456.so | www.xpj53516.com | www.drf881.com | yin2222.com | www.23819.com | www.8473d.com | 85288app.com | www.88065d.com | www.w8586.com | 5m412.com | www.985175.com | www.suncity12.com | 3131394.com | www.055890.com | www.bb00668.com | www.86611a.com | 895vv.com | www.6889796.com | www.js3444.com | 77775309.com | www.849077.com | www.27363f.com | 644675.com | www.71233o.com | www.xpj53516.com | www.8694m.com | 5144r.com | www.lczg8.com | www.?28558.com | 33567m.com | 6999009.com | www.36166q.com | www.zzz888.com | mg437722.com | 5856rrr.com | www.53900m.com | www.6677104.com | yf2444.com | 33382tt.com | www.ejylc15.com | www.157479.com | 4196e.com | www.196039.com | www.1434n.com | www.66050.com | 5597lkt.com | 6601.co | www.76636.com | www.5966sss.com | 44mm8331.com | 1387.com | www.581860.com | www.73990o.com | www.55268gg.com | 3614g.com | www.047788.com | www.4833043.com | www.66442.com | 2677ttt.com | js28887.com | www.022t.cc | www.89677u.com | www.lfg777.com | nnn3405.com | 63960000.com | www.33588d.com | www.55c63.com | www.hgc333.com | 6112jj.com | www.188727.com | www.305155.com | www.938w.cc | www.v6866.com | n4212.com | 2934e.com | www.805357.com | www.js87882.com | www.5577js.com | 47749u.com | 16340001.com | 5443qq.com | www.892070.com | www.1764o.com | www.ks1387.com | 4546vip9.com | 3435d.com | 2127y.com | www.646880.com | www.5952233.com | www.77731x.com | www.pj7897.com | chenyinliang.com | 2709m.com | 79889q.com | www.2350i.com | www.r99999.com | www.hp5868.com | www.3459u.com | 2824y.net | 7570xxx.com | 55818j.com | www.848266.com | www.40wb.top | www.80188t.com | www.56748.com | www.yh8216.com | 08159w.com | 114la.com | youxi.com | www.379969.com | www.2934m.com | www.5856861.com | www.16181q.com | www.m2229m.com | 1775d.com | hg77033.com | 0612.am | bet577e.com | 288339.com | www.767200.com | www.50054t.com | www.4809a.com | www.00773n.com | www.2233ok.com | www.00618y.com | www.81866d.com | 53t.com | 5360cc.com | 1669q.com | 808988w.com | www.43818a.com | www.550420.com | www.mcw6.com | www.66082.cc | www.83033w.com | www.abc288.com | www.bwinyz30.com | www.84155.com | www.5457.com | www.654234.com | www.yh8489.com | www.76543e.com | www.56733g.com | 923370.com | 50099w.com | u2490.com | yth008.net | 138T.Com | 3844gg.com | ff3189.com | 0332v.com | 606469.com | 28758.com | 2846.vip | 3225h.com | 38345c.com | 0234oo.com | 4052o.com | dz826.com | 00gg8331.com | 88946000.com | 8888jdb.com | 08820066.com | 42352207.com | 54443.com | a8381.com | 2566h1.com | xpj5590.com | 55717aa.com | ww111hg.com | 566777e.com | 4465p.com | 3568c.com | ppp7570.com | df8y.com | 03dd.cc | 4379b.com | www.bet888365.com | www.a2a777.cc | www.546001.com | www.as0004.com | www.pj7666.com | www.44889u.com | www.433444a.com | www.773678.com | www.8967j.com | www.s69096.com | www.w84z.com | www.6939g.com | www.66653j.com | www.055y.cc | www.900241.com | www.357173.com | x59.com | fhvip.org | 7392008.com | 2077.am | 53358v.com | 9149j.com | www.147891635.com | www.sb279.com | www.hg8870.com | www.t948t.com | www.q80288.com | www.ykylc09.com | www.9478o.com | www.810609.com | www.087079.com | 59859.com | 52599v.com | 11tt8332.com | www.6446a.com | www.29069.com | www.c44hh.com | www.88325v.com | www.93777.com | www.hj7776.com | www.286276.com | 5647z.com | 83378a.com | 2127ff.com | www.bg999666.com | www.056005.com | www.mgm868004.com | www.ihg5577.com | www.ban54.com | www.022190.com | 2544b4.com | p2146.com | 6218.com | www.362234.com | www.1559508.com | www.81678c.com | www.657269.com | 3399vn77.com | 4370.com | www.8124d.com | www.4866a86.com | www.0622iii.com | www.9478n.com | www.83993e.com | 5478x.com | 3452015.com | www.hg1369.com | www.5504o.com | www.ykylc07.com | www.790991.com | 2546c.com | 7003uu.com | www.bet1622.com | www.938m.cc | www.3328229.com | www.653546.com | x48q.com | 8290f.com | www.55422o.com | www.j32031.com | www.984jc.com | 6868ff.cc | 3775i.com | www.bet81365.com | www.38138q.com | www.6832k.com | 417999.com | 36406666.com | www.362822.com | www.530016.com | www.55ckb.com | 34a35.com | wb130.com | www.xn339.com | www.792085.com | www.632599.com | xxxx0122.com | 1114001.com | www.20199zz.com | www.68689s.com | 98955g.com | 365bet888.com | www.zr918.com | www.vns998.me | www.453552.com | amjs119.com | www.63877m.com | www.4996ah.com | www.826925.com | 5554136.com | www.ylhg2828.com | www.biying990vip.com | www.838669.com | 5004mm.com | www.hg88161.com | www.5189666.com | www.758022.com | p2649.com | www.b005.com | www.38775ii.com | www.249770.com | 39199y.com | www.yh8426.com | www.648211e.com | 68228j.com | 2019k.cc | www.881313.com | www.921677.com | 5651i.com | www.wn99h.com | www.570041.com | 77005002.com | 748.net | www.44mgm777.com | www.235953.com | 159666a.com | www.990654.com | www.tctx6.com | 5906kk.com | www.349989.com | www.6653.com | r8381.com | www.3459m.com | www.5958125.com | 99885002.com | www.hg635.com | www.vns11.me | ambyc9.com | 922shun.com | www.hg31118.com | 5622s.com | 2776c.com | www.1429g5.com | 054892.com | u2649.com | www.60886z.com | 3556vip6.com | www.v6789.com | www.86333c.com | 88807.com | www.98599.com | www.a773776.com | ly88888880.com | www.9702e.com | www.61500.cc | 3807jj.com | www.581777.com | www.695899.com | 00446132.com | www.4828338.com | 55155w.com | 88852949.com | www.902cq.com | 1397.am | www.48588c.com | www.952856.com | 78885.com | www.b35oo.com | 403237.com | www.yh1144.com | www.55228d.com | 8988222.com | www.j948j.com | www.106260.com | 9778h.cc | www.6653j.com | 92266z.com | www.6a555.com | www.109883.com | www.04222e.com | www.aobo194.com | 3304f.com | www.cp505c.com | P35i.com | www.js106.cc | www.fcyl7.com | 702279.com | www.350c8.com | ly88888884.com | www.blr730.com | www.196203.com | www.008833.cc | www.9155f.cc | 55588.com | www.99094i.com | pj8821.com | www.85857.com | mgm3242y.com | www.yh04b.com | www.551549.com | www.mg4355888.com | www.33598s.com | js75bb.com | www.556350.com | 7702666.com | www.sb5501.com | 0860n.com | www.hg8270.com | bg666777.com | www.999dhygw.com | www.348689.com | www.333222h.com | www.hw8889.com | P35ll.com | www.12455q.com | ag.hg999222.com | www.9646b.com | 772.so | www.81608s.com | 3482y.com | www.8905t.com | 00773aa.com | www.115527m.com | feicai00853.com | www.bwinyz16.com | 33382rr.com | www.sha2222.com | yk117.com | www.bet63y.com | 8xj.vip | www.gbt0201.com | 22995144.com | www.33678oo.com | 33432l.com | www.42070013.com | 9506f.com | www.fg9908.com | 2127v.com | www.89338k.com | 588bbb.cc | www.9478s.com | amjsc05.com | www.cf9908.com | www.hg6877.com | www.656270.com | www.333133g.com | www.196507.com | www.5555by.com | 8381q.com | www.pj7608.com | 3678aaa.com | www.hjdc2008.com | 78666x.com | www.6889793.com | 11442007.com | www.81699.cc | www.fg3388.com | www.345576.com | www.775412.com | x171717.com | www.55545o.com | 496.se | www.5856862.com | 033v.net | www.959581.com | www.4972ff.com | 7894f.com | www.55526k.com | 8a8u.com | www.y07b.com | le888w.com | www.616888.com | www.9289988.com | 88894s.com | www.w84k.com | 33382mm.com | www.369888a.com | www.166242.com | 11hh8331.com | www.6687y.com | 1hga.com | www.961219.com | www.110732.com | js14f.com | www.aa00668.com | 26668v.com | www.959553.com | www.60582.com | 00778b.com | www.v556677.com | 495663.com | www.207881.com | www.751cp4.com | 4461d.com | www.3933n.cc | www.879nn.com | j5756.com | www.886498.com | www.laok222.com | shtzjg.com | www.00773x.com | 11ii8332.com | www.631279.com | www.jx5544.com | 5566bet.vip | www.5522h.cc | www.83008y.com | 30019ee.com | www.97655q.com | www.7772558.com | 2820j.com | www.7728229.com | www.8124v.com | 38365p.com | www.198a56.com | www.zb615.com | ca5055.com | www.7240u.com | www.8134.cc | 01234rr.com | www.37377f.com | www.e32126.cc | lehu221.com | www.82894d.com | www.sb9909.com | v9330.com | www.83033c.com | www.25288r.com | 5589c.com | www.055w.cc | www.w2826.com | 3656991.com | www.548177.com | www.5099xx.com | 8827www.com | h00851jc.com | www.8998833.com | www.21365rr.com | 2233blg.com | www.3126c.com | www.ylc366.com | 44kk8332.com | www.178259.com | www.a2894.com | www.546993.com | 1591ooo.com | www.101377.com | www.941289.com | 3066rrr.com | www.672766.com | www.7415y.com | 50000027.com | 15a49.net | www.12455g.com | www.29962.com | 22aa8332.com | 45637f.com | www.1100.net | www.99950020.com | few12we.com | www.51515o.com | www.7249w.com | www.p7890.com | 4022ii.com | www.rcw321.com | www.cb600.cc | www.a6389.com | 7555e.com | 2546a.com | www.96386r.com | www.ttt996.com | 0241e.com | v32365.com | www.500go.com | www.m32939.com | www.hg618.com | 5478444.com | www.399049.com | www.1764l.com | www.xpj810.com | 7508e.com | m88.com | www.3933m.cc | www.05bet8.com | www.pj6653.com | 8159kk.cc | 33313w.com | www.66332c.com | www.50021.com | www.hg2239.net | 20778800.com | www.082985.com | www.99638h.com | www.p948p.com | www.ylg35.com | 30170088.com | xbo198.com | www.36787d.com | www.89599m.com | www.558809.com | 520159407.com | 66300vip32.com | www.qucw3.com | www.33678rr.com | www.21819q.com | oo56988.com | 8006009.com | www.314611.com | www.7239w.com | www.?28558.com | www.54549966.com | 7222730.com | 2757r.com | www.394611.com | www.6653c.com | www.5446oo.com | www.w9603.com | 588.cc | 8040hhh.com | 99999ylg.com | www.901307.com | www.500558.com | www.79500r.com | www.pj85993.com | qycps9.com | 88p88.vip | 500000796.com | www.848966.com | www.68993266.com | www.365077.bet | www.572433.com | yin3333.com | 3300hhgz.com | 15930000.com | 9539e.com | www.933709.com | www.764169.com | www.hg8zz.com | www.443344.com | www.z0888.com | wb099.com | vipvip6666.com | hg2808dd.com | www.128368.com | www.cly6.com | www.tyc44222.com | www.03a88.com | www.yinhe400.com | www.vns343.com | www.6033m.com | 2127w.com | hjdzjgj.com | 1654u.com | z6528.com | www.233896.com | www.c6121.com | www.95222w.com | www.3846d.com | www.8806488.com | www.js839.com | www.c30226.com | 18775k.com | 28288p.com | 3559cp.net | ff555ucom | 1114661.com | 3556vip6.com | www.133902.com | www.775702.com | www.3552x.com | www.8d828.com | www.326213.com | www.hjdc2007.com | www.f72.com | www.js253.com | www.10050730.com | www.hg701n.com | www.1869d.com | 22556r.com | 2146a.com | 88894u.com | 8037q.com | jxf963.com | 3482c.com | bjw918.com | 2864p.com | amjs8822.com | 5360rr.com | 937004.com | www.189370.com | www.550341.com | www.799243.com | www.lycp886.com | www.lyc55.com | www.5522e.cc | www.11025.cc | www.00840n.com | www.60108w.com | www.222067a.com? | www.6678565.com | www.3a006.com | www.999999qipai.com | www.56011t.com | www.ba306.com | www.40288v.com | www.73990c.com | www.88325n.com | www.377666z.com | www.06820r.com | www.4058ss.com | www.e80288.com | www.566733.com | www.9822ad.com | www.ag4444.com | www.0007795.com | www.sss2848.com | www.14168e.com | www.1764z.com | www.441394.com | www.6678565.com | www.0889888.com | www.12455i.com | www.62118f.com | www.8499f.com | www.k233.com | www.810603.com | www.574377.com | www.296380.com | www.50080u.com | 2546n.com | 15g4.net | xd2019.com | 0245j.com | 4488a.com | x3855.com | 3169v.com | www.6175cc.com | www.21365ww.com | www.yy085.com | www.hg9010.com | www.79500j.com | www.4058k.com | www.yz7701.com | www.633594.com | www.82676.com | www.881805.com | www.257588.com | 20177.com | 828365.com | 2566h6.com | 822051.com | 7744yyy.com | www.pjbet666.com | www.244749.com | www.4399msc.com | www.3bet005.com | www.555xx.cc | www.81520f.com | www.cp8007.cc | www.180121.com | 5509o.com | 7605d.com | so77777.cc | 3030sun.com | www.7830g.com | www.huamu51.com | www.sha0022.com | www.68993257.com | www.4189a.com | www.388453.com | 0747qq.com | peiyinla.com | 22299xx.com | 4812z.com | www.pj9723.com | www.5049q.com | www.ba505.com | www.16878r.com | www.503501.com | 3550f.com | 30170000.com | 3178v.com | www.77537l.com | www.j9478.com | www.2607777.com | www.08588l.com | www.361770.com | 18438555.com | 3482x.com | 27878ll.com | www.t45688.com | www.cn365q.com | www.0270s.com | www.588767.com | 7799833.com | 35222b.com | xpjbak.com | www.6567.cc | www.2544g5.com | www.37439.cc | www.77803v.com | 3404o.cc | wfcp666777.com | www.44ff940.com | www.0077xpj.net | www.99638f.com | www.407873.com | 33p88.cc | 2544c2.com | www.65471188.com | www.b35dd.com | www.49956l.com | www.99677e.com | 44xx8332.com | yh888i.com | www.875808.com | www.209576.com | www.cp718.com | 99151w.com | 00zz8331.com | www.58777g.com | www.783644.com | www.1368r.cc | 3122t.com | 3559mmmm.com | www.hg066.com | www.848777k.com | www.8839j.com | gpkjgj.vip | 1294x.com | www.7893w62.com | www.47506m.com | www.gczj3.com | 8633001.com | 7711209.com | www.a4116.com | www.428.com | www.346918.com | 7893w8.com | www.hg444.tv | www.7415mm.com | www.111xm.cc | 3mgmooo.com | js61z.com | www.tw8888.net | www.7714d.com | 2206.com | 85698b.com | www.xpj2638.com | www.48330w.com | www.109026.com | 01234ttt.com | www.hg1668.com | www.3846b.com | www.355245.com | P77.cc | www.0860r.com | www.266820.com | www.375477.com | 82365n.com | www.sbet567.net | www.yz7706.com | www.177534.com | 3559nnn.com | www.a3a777.cc | www.743902.com | 6002400.com | yh88135.cc | www.yinhe400.com | www.3933b.cc | 55966.com | www.a50336.com | www.706139.com | www.511079.com | 7599gg.com | www.532156.com | www.7239v.com | 37570v.com | 1466m.com | www.45598f.com | www.357607.com | 22296beijin.com | www.238288.com | www.35155f.com | 1077.cc | www.hg6699.net | www.h98478.com | 3202g.com | 00665004.com | www.l7764.com | www.193195.com | y2490.com | www.dzcp7777.com | www.805733.com | pj88ee.com | www.hqg88.com | www.5441m.com | aaa2848.com | www.xpj9849.com | www.97655q.com | 4694f.com | www.3459j.com | www.js520988.com | js1.com | www.440567.com | www.10888.com | 80850.com | www.hg9946.com | www.8977500.com | 2466.com | www.806313.com | www.txedz.com | 5369z.com | www.hg0728.com | www.23636m.com | 6446hh.com | www.hg3115.com | www.hf5887.com | 063939.com | www.136686.com | www.332790.com | 3009m.com | www.ag4444.com | 86601.com | www.8494b.com | www.ky1005.com | jjjj19927.com | www.0488.net | www.858899a.com | 1h-5.cc | www.0169b.com | 19991t.com | www.9599447.com | www.hg27288.com | ylg2001.com | www.hg3348.com | www.810523.com | 50067d.com | www.704908.com | 022679.com | www.39695l.com | www.21202x.com | 7599r.com | www.082js.com | hg77750.com | www.585299.com | www.50732z.com | 3530.com | www.dzj0555.com | 08058888.com | www.xpj6t6.com | www.chi59.com | tz977.com | www.00773x.com | 3178k.com | www.330099o.com | www.799666aa.com | 05071111.com | www.js28666.com | 31194444.com |