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            常用修辭手法-2019年高起點語文考試考點-福建成教

            福建成人高考信息網www.laiwobuy.com 發布時間: 2018年12月01日

            常用修辭手法-2019年高起點語文考試考點-福建成教


            考點:借代

              不直接說出要說的人或事物,而是借用與這一人或事物有密切關系的名稱來替代,如以部分代全體;用具體代抽象;用特征代本體;用專名代通稱等。如:

              ①不拿群眾一針一線。(一針一線代群眾的一切財產)

              ②不要大鍋飯。(“大鍋飯”代抽象的“平均主義”)

              ③花白胡子坐在墻角里吸旱煙。(花白胡子是以特征代本體)

              ④千萬個雷鋒活躍在祖國大地上。(“雷鋒”以具體的形象代抽象的共產主義思想)



            考點:對偶

            用結構相同或相近,字數相等的一對短語或句子對稱排列起來表達相對或相近的意思。如:

              ①滿招損,謙受益。

              ②橫眉冷對千夫指,俯首甘為孺子牛。

              ③欲窮千里目,更上一層樓。(流水對)

              ④望長城內外,惟余莽莽,大河上下,頓失滔滔。(扇面對)



            考點:比擬

              把人當物寫或把物當人來寫的一種修辭方法,前者稱之為擬物,后者稱之為擬人。如:

              ①做人既不可翹尾巴,也不可夾著尾巴。(擬物)

              ②蠟炬成灰淚始干。(擬人)



            考點:夸張

            對事物的形象、特征、作用、程度等作擴大或縮小描繪的一種修辭方法。如:

              ①白發三千丈,緣愁似個長。(“三千丈”為擴大夸張)

              ②芝麻粒兒大的事,不必放在心上。(“芝麻粒兒”是縮小夸張)

              ③太陽剛一出來,地上已經像下了火。(把前一事物“出來”與后一事物“下火”夸張到幾乎是同時出現,有人稱此種夸張方式為超前夸張)



            考點:排比

              把內容相關、結構相同或相似、語氣一致的幾個(一般要三個或三個以上)短語或句子連用的方法。如:

              但這回卻很有幾點出于我的意外。一是當局者竟會這樣地兇殘,一是流言家竟至如此之下劣,一是中國的女性臨難竟能如是之從容。


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