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            簡述題(二)-2019年藝術概論復習資料-福建專升本

            福建成人高考信息網www.laiwobuy.com 發布時間: 2019年01月04日

            4、談一談藝術家修養的五個方面。

                所謂藝術修養,是指在取得一定基礎知識和一定的藝術實踐的基本技能的基礎上,才有可能進一步提高自己的藝術理論修養和藝術創作技巧,已達到一定高度和水平,并熟練自如的創造出具有藝術意蘊和神韻的藝術作品五個方面:

            1.進步的世界觀和審美理想.

                藝術家具有敏銳的感受、豐富的情感和生動的想象能力.藝術家具有卓越的創造能力和鮮明的創作個性,具有強烈的創新意識.,藝術家必須具有專門的藝術技能,熟悉并掌握某一具體藝術種類的藝術語言和專業技巧。作為藝術創作的主體,藝術家與社會生活有著十分密切的關系。任何藝術作品都是藝術家對于社會生活的能動反映和藝術創造的產物。藝術家的藝術才能與文化修養。藝術才能,是指藝術家創造藝術形象的能力,它是先天稟賦和后天訓練培養相融合而形成的藝術創造力。

            2.深厚的文化素養.

                 藝術工作者應具備的文化素養大致分為3類:1、 一般文化; 2、 姊妹藝術文化 ;3、專業文化。

            3.豐富的生活積累.

            4.超常的藝術思維活動能力.

            5.發現的目光和獨到的感受力要點:包括思想品質、文化素養、生活積累、藝術思維和實踐能力(技巧)、藝術心理定勢和藝術激情。


            5、簡述靈感產生的條件.

                要點:第一,創作者已然形成比較鞏固的藝術心理定勢;

                     第二,已經儲存了大量的文化知識信息、專業知識信息和社會生活表象;第三,建立了當前藝術創作的優勢興奮中心。

                所謂藝術靈感,就是大腦皮質興奮中心的神經細胞,經過一段長時間的高度自覺和異常緊張的苦思冥想尋求急需要的信息材料之后,調動其所有的腦細胞的警覺性,特別是調動起了習慣務意識和本能無意識的心理活動的積極性,一而再習慣無疑是伙同本能無意識心理活動中,突然發現了所急需的信息而產生的頓悟靈感的主要特征,他在無意中觸機,突然在瞬間產生頓悟,其情思超常明晰和敏銳,其情態如迷如狂,如癡如醉,其效果是一種猛然間突破性的創造思維活動,往往富有獨一無二的個別性,是習慣無意識和本能無意識聯合活動過程中的認識上的飛躍,形成藝術構思和藝術創作中最自由,最活躍,也是最佳的心態,情緒極為高漲,向項極為豐富而又明晰,思維即為準確而又神速


            6、為什么說生產勞動實踐為藝術的發生創造了前提?

            ——生產勞動時間創造了藝術創作的主體-人,為藝術的發生提供了前提。藝術發生的前提,與人類歷史發生的前提一樣,是人的產生。

            1.勞動是猿爪變為人手,猿腦變為人腦,這是從猿到人轉化中具有決定意義的一步。

            2.勞動推動了語言的產生,勞動與語言又進一步推動了意識的產生,這邊是人同其他動物的最后的本質的區別。

            3.勞動推動了工具的制造。



            7、簡述形象思維的特征。

            要點:具有形象性、想象性、情感性、藝術個性(獨特性或個體性)和審美性。

            (1)形象性是形象思維的基本特征。a。形象是形象思維的對象和內容.b。形象是形象思維的整個過程,c。形象是形象思維的成果。

            (2)想象性是形象思維的核心內容。想象,就是人腦以原有的記憶表象為基礎,對表象材料進行選擇,分解與重組,形成未曾知覺過的新的形象的心理過程。

            (3)情感性。形象思維過程就是情感運動的過程。

            (4)審美性,整體性,獨特性。


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